Sunday, October 7, 2012 

A Norwegian University of Science and Technology study released Thursday found electric vehicles have a potential for higher eco-toxicity and greenhouse impact than conventional cars. The study includes an examination of the electric car’s life cycle as a whole rather than a study of the electric car’s environmental impact during the use phase.

The researchers conducted a comparison of the environmental impact of electric cars in view of different ratios of green-to-fuel electricity energy sources. In the case of mostly coal- or oil-based electricity supply, electric cars are disadvantageous compared to classic diesel cars with the greenhouse effect impact being up to two times larger.

The researchers found that in Europe, electric cars pose a “10% to 24% decrease in global warming potential (GWP) relative to conventional diesel or gasoline vehicles”.

The researchers suggest to improve eco-friendliness of electric vehicles by “reducing vehicle production supply chain impacts and promoting clean electricity sources in decision making regarding electricity infrastructure” and using the electric cars for a longer time, so that the use phase plays a more important role in the electric vehicle life cycle.

Best Tips On Home Renovations And Designs

Submitted by: Kim Colt

Renovating a home and obtaining garden services in Melbourne is definitely a fascinating experience similarly as well as on contrary, it may be unpleasant also. It doesn’t just enhance your home but additionally add worth into it. On the other hand, home renovation takes a bit of effort, creativity, as well as course- expenses. Below are great tips which you’ll apply when you choose for landscape solutions, garden architects and choosing renovations design for your home to make it an attractive haven to reside in:

Be aware of type of house and garden design you wish

Lots of people buy a home then get it rebuilt. Professional may help you for cool renovations design since business of home renovation Melbourne is well flourished and you can get it through online query too. It s not just about garden or home designing, one can also find professional service for pool landscaping in Melbourne as well.

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Basically, whenever you buy a home, the dwelling and design might not be fully suitable for your living or family capacity. If you wish to reconstruct or redesign it, make sure you get something what you are looking for indeed. You are able to surf the Internet for modern house and landscape solutions if you wish to allow it to be newer or look at different companies for house renovation ideas. Hiring reliable home renovations professionals will help you in getting the type of house you dream. It needs to be your individual choice so at the conclusion from the renovation, all of the efforts and money spent makes it worthwhile.

Set a specific budget

There are two methods to set the budget for that renovation. One you are able to plan for that type of reconstruction you would like, thinking about the rooms, wall surfaces, floors, home furniture, fittings along with other areas you need to change. Then compute for that budget necessary for renovation. Additionally, you could have an estimation of how much you need to invest in renovation. Then renovate the home thinking about your budget. When looking for home builders experts you might first inquire them a good estimation for that house restructuring according to your plan. Budget is essential and prior to the real revamping of the home, you should look at that which you offer prior to the task gets started.

Secure the base and begin renovating the weak spots

Lots of home owners give more focus on the pool landscaping Melbourne and other designing aspects they need rather than things that actually need enhancement. If you wish to add more rooms or maybe an additional floor to create your home three-stories rather than two, you should know first when the foundation of the home is firm enough to resist it. You may even need to look for weak and destroyed areas in your house. Have specialist for home renovation Melbourne to check up on the ceiling, flooring, along with the strength from the walls. After remodelling the weak places within your house, you can begin with matching all of them with beautiful architectural designs. You can contact garden architects and get beautiful renovations design with wonderful garden services in Melbourne.

Don t forget – home renovation is an investment not just money-spending stuff

Whenever you modernize, make certain to select top quality materials. You might want to give a garden and perform some landscape designs and broaden your garage. Obviously including structures is d3etermined by your wants. For those who have a big family it is much better to make the home bigger. Upgrading a home is much more than the usual desire to live inside a comfortable and delightful home. At present, renovation is a type of investment. Real estate properties are becoming increasingly more expensive. Decorating your home and garden through architects can also add value into it as well as in any situation you choose to market it soon, you’re certain to possess a return on investment.

Yes, it is satisfying to reside in a secure and guaranteed house. And redesigning your property is one method to do it.

About the Author: Modern Outdoor Living offer landscape solutions, pool landscaping, home renovation and garden services in Melbourne. You can also get professional and expert garden architects to enhance your garden space in a great way. Visit at:

modernoutdoorliving.com.au/landscaping_design.php

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Excellent crafts from indigenous peoples showcased in Taipei, Taiwan

Saturday, June 28, 2008 

To promote the craft design of indigenous peoples in Taiwan, the Council of Indigenous Peoples of Executive Yuan, the show organizer, made an inception on crafts of indigenous peoples with the “2008 Taiwan Indigenous Peoples Craft Exhibition” in the Ketagalan Culture Center in Taipei, Taiwan.

As of the organizer, this exhibition was set to discover more excellent artisans from indigenous peoples and promote the excellent crafts of indigenous peoples in Taiwan to bring on the sustainability of the traditional indigenous tribes.

Not only this show until June 29, but the 2008 Taiwan Designers’ Week from tomorrow (June 28), in addition to 2008 Taipei In Style from July 10, will bring on the other opportunities for cultural, creative, and the fashion-related industries.

Wikiversity:Learning projects

This page provides a general discussion about Wikiversity learning projects: their purpose, how to start and manage them, and how to support the learning goals of Wikiversity participants through the development of learning projects. To look over existing learning projects or start a new one please proceed to Portal:Learning Projects. For a conceptual overview of what some others believe learning projects to be please continue reading here.

A “learning project” is one of the primary units of which Wikiversity consists. Wikipedia has articles; Wikiversity has learning projects. But what is a learning project?

Anyone.

In practice, the participants at any one time are often members of a real-world class at a real-world educational institution. You don’t have to apply or register anywhere. If you are a teacher, you can simply go ahead without any further permission and create a learning project. If you are a student, you can join any learning project without restriction.

In theory, any of the following variants might occur (or variants not listed here):

What is significant about this is its openness. Schools and universities often set up Learning Management Systems or Virtual Learning Environments which are restricted in their membership. For example, in a typical Moodle installation, you need a password to enter the whole system, and probably further passwords to enter any particular course. Restrictions are everywhere in these kinds of learning environment. Wikiversity does not have restrictions on participation – not even on course creation!

The principle of openness means that as a teacher, you can’t actually stop anyone joining your course. In other words, there is no such thing as an uninvited participant, because everyone is invited. Normally surprise guests are unusual and everyone is very well-mannered, though, and you aren’t obliged to actively teach everyone who joins. If you find you have some surprise participants, please remember the wiki-principles of assume good faith and don’t bite the newcomers. If an uninvited participant becomes disruptive, you should ask a custodian to help (see request custodian action). Custodians have administrative powers that can prevent disruption, but it is rare that their action is needed.

Possible question: I’ve read all this stuff so far, and it seems I can just jump in here and use Wikiversity to set up some pages to organize and teach my own class. Surely this is hardly in the interest of a global project like Wikiversity? Surely there must be some kind of limitation on my exploitation of Wikiversity’s resources?

Answer: of course you can jump in and do your own class stuff here!

The reason why this helps the world at large is a piece of deep, subtle and somewhat speculative wiki-wisdom, however. The theory of wiki-dom looks at the very long-term effects and fate of the learning resources you create. At first, a new resource may be so specific and particular in terms of time, place and people, that it is of absolutely no use to the wider world whatsoever. Your resource may only be used by you for a few weeks (the time); its content pretty well limits it to your own lesson planning and classroom events (place); and the people involved may not extend outside your class (and people). However, unlike a non-wiki webpage, others can come after you and find the resources you have left behind. Rather than reinventing the wheel, they may re-purpose your resources to save themselves time. During the process of repurposing, it is likely that the universality (wider usefulness) of the resource may increase by a small, perhaps almost insignificant amount. The universality will tend to increase, because the resource has now been used on two occasions in different times, places and by different people. Of course, each time the repurposing occurs, the universality may not increase much, or may even sometimes decrease. But in the long run, the resource will incrementally become more valuable and of more universal appeal. This is something which is scarcely visible at the beginning, or not at all visible. But it is the theory of the wiki.

Funnily enough, pretty much the first thing that happens in any learning project is for the learners to learn how to edit the wiki. Whether it’s a learning project on astrophysics, microbiology, principles of corporate accounting or witchcraft 101, in most real-world situations most of the class may not yet know how to edit a wiki. Don’t let the necessity of this put you off as a teacher. You don’t have to bring wiki-house-trained students here – you can bring entirely novice wiki-editors as well.

There are two basic approaches to teaching wiki-editing: the sandbox approach, and the task-orientated approach. Both can be applied together. The sandbox approach involves setting up a subpage where participants are free to do anything at all (see here for the general Wikiversity:Sandbox). The task-orientated approach involves giving a series of simple editing tasks, escalating in difficulty. A good idea is to reserve part of your learning project for these purposes – use one or more subpages.

Borrowing from other projects: as almost all learning projects have to face this same challenge, it’s worth scouting out other learning projects to see how they do it. Borrow and modify their resources freely to save time creating your own.

Custodians and the wiki-illiterate: if you’re planning on bringing dozens of completely uninitiated students onto Wikiversity for their first editing lesson, you don’t need to ask anyone! You can go ahead just like that. On the other hand, it’s advisable to find and tell some custodians what’s going on. Custodians are like your local IT department handymen, who try to keep things vaguely shipshape. They wander around Wikiversity, helping or tidying up messes. A custodian who finds a bunch of clueless and rather randomly editing students will always try to be helpful, but may help wrongly if s/he doesn’t know what you’re planning. It’s a good idea, as a teacher, to create an account for yourself at Wikiversity, and then contact some active custodians in advance of your first and most chaotic lessons. They can then help your students find the right “room” (pages) and even help when they make their first mistakes. See: custodians.

Once your students know what they’re doing, it’s mainly a matter of your imagination how you adapt the MediaWiki editing environment to your teaching needs. Experimentation is positively encouraged.

A non-exhaustive list of standard ideas: discussions, reports, resource preparation, web research and link hunting; formal learning from text segments (reading tasks); listening and video tasks (both creation and reception). In the area of interactive learning, Wikiversity has a quiz extension for you to make a large variety of quizzes from.

Wikiversity doesn’t track learner progress or performance in the same way that a full-blown Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) does. Nor does Wikiversity formally or programmatically distinguish roles such as “teacher” or “student”. In a VLE you may be able to see which resources a student has used, how often they were present, what grades they achieved on interactive tasks, and combine all this together into a grade. None of this currently exists on Wikiversity. Even quiz results are only viewable temporarily on the user’s screen.

Related learning projects are grouped into Schools and Portals. There are major Wikiversity portals that provide user-friendly introductions to groups of Wikiversity schools that are related by their common subjects of study. There is also a guide to existing learning projects at the learning project portal.

The main requirement for starting a learning project is a sense of adventure and boldness.

One of the more difficult things you have to do at the start will be to think of an appropriate title, and then fasten the new project into Wikiversity’s existing hierarchy of schools and departments.

See: naming conventions (out of date?)

There is an important distinction here between Wikipedia and Wikiversity: generally, Wikipedia has only one article for any particular topic and if two articles are created by accident, they will be merged. Wikiversity, however, does not adhere to this principle of exclusivity; Wikiversity can have any number of learning projects on the same topic. Ten introductions to knitting are just as valid and acceptable as one. As a matter of good practice, looking for ways to integrate with or communicate between similarly themed learning projects would be good. If an existing learning project hasn’t been edited for a long time, you could also take it over and re-purpose it, rather than creating a new one alongside. It may be a good idea to search for an existing project with a similar theme before starting a new one. There is also the practical matter that it is impossible to create two pages with the same title, so your title will have to be slightly different from any existing project.

In the course of time, Wikiversity hopes to be able to offer a selection of templates or boilerplate to get you started with a learning project. So far we only have this: the only boilerplate so far, and you should feel free to do something quite different from this.

In principle, no wiki page belongs to any particular user, other than your own account page and its subpages. A learning project is a public good. At Wikipedia, this community ownership concept is very obvious and visible, but at Wikiversity the practice, if not the theory, is subtly different.

In the field of open educational resources, the creation of an educational resource generally requires more time and expertise, and the result tends to be rather more personal than an encyclopedia article. In addition, because parallel projects on the same topic are permitted, there is no real pressure on anyone else to “invade” an existing project. The result of this is that as a matter of psychology of editing, or as a matter of Wikiversity culture, people tend to respect and leave alone each other’s contributions much more than on Wikipedia. So on the one hand, if you are worried that others will edit your resource beyond all recognition before your class actually takes place, do not fear – it would be bad manners and rather unnecessary for someone to interfere in this way, and you can recover your original material easily from the “history” tab. On the other hand, you must nevertheless remain aware that there is no such thing as page-“ownership” on Wikiversity. If you leave your pet project alone for a long time and find that another teacher has moved in and changed it, then your choice is either to cooperate with them, or create a new parallel project and put your old material there (which you can recover from the project “history” tab).

see also: Wikiversity:Original_research#Page_protection

If you’re someone who’s heard of open educational resources and learning objects, then you can certainly think of learning projects as the unit of organisation at Wikiversity which is the best equivalent of a learning object. One day it may be possible to define metadata for Wikiversity learning projects, so that information about these learning objects can be shared with other OER projects.

Wikiversity:Learning projects

This page provides a general discussion about Wikiversity learning projects: their purpose, how to start and manage them, and how to support the learning goals of Wikiversity participants through the development of learning projects. To look over existing learning projects or start a new one please proceed to Portal:Learning Projects. For a conceptual overview of what some others believe learning projects to be please continue reading here.

A “learning project” is one of the primary units of which Wikiversity consists. Wikipedia has articles; Wikiversity has learning projects. But what is a learning project?

Anyone.

In practice, the participants at any one time are often members of a real-world class at a real-world educational institution. You don’t have to apply or register anywhere. If you are a teacher, you can simply go ahead without any further permission and create a learning project. If you are a student, you can join any learning project without restriction.

In theory, any of the following variants might occur (or variants not listed here):

What is significant about this is its openness. Schools and universities often set up Learning Management Systems or Virtual Learning Environments which are restricted in their membership. For example, in a typical Moodle installation, you need a password to enter the whole system, and probably further passwords to enter any particular course. Restrictions are everywhere in these kinds of learning environment. Wikiversity does not have restrictions on participation – not even on course creation!

The principle of openness means that as a teacher, you can’t actually stop anyone joining your course. In other words, there is no such thing as an uninvited participant, because everyone is invited. Normally surprise guests are unusual and everyone is very well-mannered, though, and you aren’t obliged to actively teach everyone who joins. If you find you have some surprise participants, please remember the wiki-principles of assume good faith and don’t bite the newcomers. If an uninvited participant becomes disruptive, you should ask a custodian to help (see request custodian action). Custodians have administrative powers that can prevent disruption, but it is rare that their action is needed.

Possible question: I’ve read all this stuff so far, and it seems I can just jump in here and use Wikiversity to set up some pages to organize and teach my own class. Surely this is hardly in the interest of a global project like Wikiversity? Surely there must be some kind of limitation on my exploitation of Wikiversity’s resources?

Answer: of course you can jump in and do your own class stuff here!

The reason why this helps the world at large is a piece of deep, subtle and somewhat speculative wiki-wisdom, however. The theory of wiki-dom looks at the very long-term effects and fate of the learning resources you create. At first, a new resource may be so specific and particular in terms of time, place and people, that it is of absolutely no use to the wider world whatsoever. Your resource may only be used by you for a few weeks (the time); its content pretty well limits it to your own lesson planning and classroom events (place); and the people involved may not extend outside your class (and people). However, unlike a non-wiki webpage, others can come after you and find the resources you have left behind. Rather than reinventing the wheel, they may re-purpose your resources to save themselves time. During the process of repurposing, it is likely that the universality (wider usefulness) of the resource may increase by a small, perhaps almost insignificant amount. The universality will tend to increase, because the resource has now been used on two occasions in different times, places and by different people. Of course, each time the repurposing occurs, the universality may not increase much, or may even sometimes decrease. But in the long run, the resource will incrementally become more valuable and of more universal appeal. This is something which is scarcely visible at the beginning, or not at all visible. But it is the theory of the wiki.

Funnily enough, pretty much the first thing that happens in any learning project is for the learners to learn how to edit the wiki. Whether it’s a learning project on astrophysics, microbiology, principles of corporate accounting or witchcraft 101, in most real-world situations most of the class may not yet know how to edit a wiki. Don’t let the necessity of this put you off as a teacher. You don’t have to bring wiki-house-trained students here – you can bring entirely novice wiki-editors as well.

There are two basic approaches to teaching wiki-editing: the sandbox approach, and the task-orientated approach. Both can be applied together. The sandbox approach involves setting up a subpage where participants are free to do anything at all (see here for the general Wikiversity:Sandbox). The task-orientated approach involves giving a series of simple editing tasks, escalating in difficulty. A good idea is to reserve part of your learning project for these purposes – use one or more subpages.

Borrowing from other projects: as almost all learning projects have to face this same challenge, it’s worth scouting out other learning projects to see how they do it. Borrow and modify their resources freely to save time creating your own.

Custodians and the wiki-illiterate: if you’re planning on bringing dozens of completely uninitiated students onto Wikiversity for their first editing lesson, you don’t need to ask anyone! You can go ahead just like that. On the other hand, it’s advisable to find and tell some custodians what’s going on. Custodians are like your local IT department handymen, who try to keep things vaguely shipshape. They wander around Wikiversity, helping or tidying up messes. A custodian who finds a bunch of clueless and rather randomly editing students will always try to be helpful, but may help wrongly if s/he doesn’t know what you’re planning. It’s a good idea, as a teacher, to create an account for yourself at Wikiversity, and then contact some active custodians in advance of your first and most chaotic lessons. They can then help your students find the right “room” (pages) and even help when they make their first mistakes. See: custodians.

Once your students know what they’re doing, it’s mainly a matter of your imagination how you adapt the MediaWiki editing environment to your teaching needs. Experimentation is positively encouraged.

A non-exhaustive list of standard ideas: discussions, reports, resource preparation, web research and link hunting; formal learning from text segments (reading tasks); listening and video tasks (both creation and reception). In the area of interactive learning, Wikiversity has a quiz extension for you to make a large variety of quizzes from.

Wikiversity doesn’t track learner progress or performance in the same way that a full-blown Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) does. Nor does Wikiversity formally or programmatically distinguish roles such as “teacher” or “student”. In a VLE you may be able to see which resources a student has used, how often they were present, what grades they achieved on interactive tasks, and combine all this together into a grade. None of this currently exists on Wikiversity. Even quiz results are only viewable temporarily on the user’s screen.

Related learning projects are grouped into Schools and Portals. There are major Wikiversity portals that provide user-friendly introductions to groups of Wikiversity schools that are related by their common subjects of study. There is also a guide to existing learning projects at the learning project portal.

The main requirement for starting a learning project is a sense of adventure and boldness.

One of the more difficult things you have to do at the start will be to think of an appropriate title, and then fasten the new project into Wikiversity’s existing hierarchy of schools and departments.

See: naming conventions (out of date?)

There is an important distinction here between Wikipedia and Wikiversity: generally, Wikipedia has only one article for any particular topic and if two articles are created by accident, they will be merged. Wikiversity, however, does not adhere to this principle of exclusivity; Wikiversity can have any number of learning projects on the same topic. Ten introductions to knitting are just as valid and acceptable as one. As a matter of good practice, looking for ways to integrate with or communicate between similarly themed learning projects would be good. If an existing learning project hasn’t been edited for a long time, you could also take it over and re-purpose it, rather than creating a new one alongside. It may be a good idea to search for an existing project with a similar theme before starting a new one. There is also the practical matter that it is impossible to create two pages with the same title, so your title will have to be slightly different from any existing project.

In the course of time, Wikiversity hopes to be able to offer a selection of templates or boilerplate to get you started with a learning project. So far we only have this: the only boilerplate so far, and you should feel free to do something quite different from this.

In principle, no wiki page belongs to any particular user, other than your own account page and its subpages. A learning project is a public good. At Wikipedia, this community ownership concept is very obvious and visible, but at Wikiversity the practice, if not the theory, is subtly different.

In the field of open educational resources, the creation of an educational resource generally requires more time and expertise, and the result tends to be rather more personal than an encyclopedia article. In addition, because parallel projects on the same topic are permitted, there is no real pressure on anyone else to “invade” an existing project. The result of this is that as a matter of psychology of editing, or as a matter of Wikiversity culture, people tend to respect and leave alone each other’s contributions much more than on Wikipedia. So on the one hand, if you are worried that others will edit your resource beyond all recognition before your class actually takes place, do not fear – it would be bad manners and rather unnecessary for someone to interfere in this way, and you can recover your original material easily from the “history” tab. On the other hand, you must nevertheless remain aware that there is no such thing as page-“ownership” on Wikiversity. If you leave your pet project alone for a long time and find that another teacher has moved in and changed it, then your choice is either to cooperate with them, or create a new parallel project and put your old material there (which you can recover from the project “history” tab).

see also: Wikiversity:Original_research#Page_protection

If you’re someone who’s heard of open educational resources and learning objects, then you can certainly think of learning projects as the unit of organisation at Wikiversity which is the best equivalent of a learning object. One day it may be possible to define metadata for Wikiversity learning projects, so that information about these learning objects can be shared with other OER projects.

Submitted by: Sofia Caster

All Media Solutions have been operating as a very well known, respected and quality business since 2003 but our experience in computer / Laptop repairs, new computer builds and in home / office installations extends a lot farther back to the early 1990 s. We have literally hundreds and hundreds of regular customers that include large companies, small businesses and our large local community.

So, with the combined experience of our many computer technicians here at All Media Solutions you can rest assured that there is over fifty years of experience being put to use with your computer / Notebook. We offer free quotes on inspecting your computer. When we have inspected to ascertain what is in our opinion exactly wrong with your computer / laptop we then call you and spend as much time on the phone or in person with you as you feel you need in order to understand exactly what is wrong with your vital device. Only then will we go ahead with the repair, and monetary charges.

All Media Solutions prides itself on a number of different things, one of our key goals is to have your electrical device back in your hands and working as soon as possible. A lot of the time if you drop your computer off in the morning it will be ready for you within a few hours.

As mentioned before All Media Solutions has been professionally servicing small & large businesses for many, many years, we know that in this industry that computers are paramount to the basic functioning of your business. This is why most of the time when you call us, drop your computer into us or have us come to you and let us know it is something you really need fixed ASAP we can have one of our many technicians work on it straight away at no extra charge.

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Perfect examples of people who we have helped by repairing their laptop or PC quickly in the past include those who are in the middle of an assignment for university, the assignment is due in a few days and their computer / notebook fails. Or someone who works from home or in a small shop or office and their business purely will not function without this precious instrument. Whether it is a simple repair or not we don t mess around we get to fixing it as quickly as we can in a professional manner.

Here at All Media Solutions we pride ourselves on using quality parts. Quality parts don t have to cost an arm or a leg either, so we don t charge that for them! After so many years in the industry we have built up a great knowledge of what is the best value for money hardware on the market that still has a very high standard of performance and longevity.

We are able to order in any key brand of hardware, and at very competitive prices, so if you are brand specific we can easily source that part you have had your eye on, or that you want to go with for personal preference.

When you head on in store or even if you just contact us by phone or via email etc you will notice the difference between All Media Solutions and other computer repairers. We have staff that have a history of many, many quality years in customer service & retail roles who s main priority is looking after our customers.

We have a very comfortable waiting room with a couch and plenty of other chairs, magazines & free tea or coffee.

We also repair mobile phones here at All Media Solutions, virtually every phone sales shop within a 20 kilometer radius recommends us to their customers when they need a repair finished promptly, professionally and properly. They know from having dealt with us hundreds of times that we are the best repairer in Brisbane . They tell us this and so do our customers.

All our services come with a warranty. Depending on what the service is the warranty will differ, on computer parts replaced in your computer the standard warranty is at least twelve months, some of our parts even come with lifetime warranties.

In short when we repair your computer we use only parts that we are confident will continue to work well into the future, and in the off chance that the hardware we install in your computer or Laptop fails due to a manufacturer s fault or anything else we list as a warranty repair we will honor the warranty and be quick about it!

For more information, visit us today at http://www.allmediasolutions.com.au/.

About the Author: All Media Solutions provides long term business strategies that strategically focused on building your Search engine optimization presence over time for SEO Brisbane. Visit

allmediasolutions.com.au/

for more information.

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US novelist Tom Clancy dies at age 66

Wednesday, October 2, 2013 

The bestselling US novelist Tom Clancy died yesterday in a hospital in Baltimore, according to his publisher. The sixty-six year old is best known for a series of novels themed around espionage, military affairs and geopolitical intrigue, many of which have been adapted into movies and video games.

The Hunt for Red October, Clancy’s first novel, sold over five million copies and was made into a movie with Alec Baldwin and Sean Connery. President Ronald Reagan described the novel as a “perfect yarn”. The protagonist of Red October, CIA analyst Jack Ryan, starred in a series of Clancy adventures featuring wars, terrorist attacks and international political power games. Ryan has been played by Harrison Ford and later Ben Affleck.

Seventeen of his twenty novels have reached number one on the New York Times bestseller list. In 2002, Forbes magazine estimated Clancy’s earnings at US$47.8m. His final novel, Command Authority, is to be published in December.

Texas cold weather creates major highway closures

Sunday, January 26, 2014 

On Friday, an uncommon cold weather system which dipped far into southern Texas created major transportation problems for sections of the state. The major cold weather system stretched from central Texas, eastward to Houston and southward to Galveston, a gulf region not accustomed to such cold snaps.

Nearly all sections of Interstate Highway-35 from San Antonio to Austin, a span of about 75 miles, were closed on Friday morning. Traffic was moving at approximately 5 miles per hour around mid-day on adjacent access roads. A Texas man told Wikinews it took him about three times longer-than-usual to drive from San Antonio to Austin due to weather condition and the closed highway.

Schools in Houston closed Thursday at 4:00pm and remained closed on Friday. Many businesses in Houston also closed on Friday. Huntsville, a city in the deep part of southeast Texas, received 2 inches of snow.

Portal talk:Weather

I think the Weather section of Wikinews is really interesting. What kinds of content will it have? Ideas:

Samrolken 12:36, 1 Dec 2004 (UTC)

I’ve asked user B-101 on his user talk page for a source for his contribution about the results of an increase in temperature.

Any scientific claim should have a citation to back it up.

— DV 16:38, 15 Dec 2004 (UTC)

from Talk:Main Page

Hey, would anyone object to breaking the asian weahter section up a bit? Its just such a huge freaking place. I mean the weather in indonesia, is not in the least related to the Weather in Turkmenistan. The other question is how? Centeral, south, and south-east? The bellman 02:12, 1 Dec 2004 (UTC)

It seems silly to have two seperate maps for Fah. and Cel. since Fah. is only used in the US… why not just have seperate maps for each continent, and have the US one be in Fahrenheit?

I’m almost ready to post a map of world surface conditions.

It’s generated by an Adobe Illustrator CS document using data-driven graphics that are fed by an XML dataset.

Once the first version is ready, I will supply the source files by e-mail to anyone who wants them – they’re about 40MB uncompressed, so I’m not sure if I should post such large files in the Commons.

I plan to provide two links underneath the map for temperatures – one for degrees Fahrenheit and the other for degrees Celsius.

I’m still working on scraping the temperatures automatically from the web, but editing the XML dataset is very fast. There are 55 cities, and they can be updated in under five minutes using the following links:

BBC Weather World

The Weather Channel

What makes this map interesting is that it simultaneously presents temperatures of 55 of the world’s major cities.

I am still working on adding symbols for Sunny, Cloudy, Raining, and Snowing. — DV 05:25, 5 Dec 2004 (UTC)

Russia:

Canada:

Greenland:

Argentina:

New Zealand:

Iceland:

Antarctica: (let’s see if you want to add it first!)

Earl Andrew 19:01, 11 Dec 2004 (UTC)

Good Idea!

from Talk:Main Page

It seems unnecessary for a wiki to be used to update current weather conditions — there are plenty of accurate weather info feeds available. I suggest that the Weather section stick to actual news about weather (i.e. articles on aftermath of hurricanes, etc.). — Anonymous

Anyone object to just getting rid of weather altogether? Unless of course, Wikimedia is planning to invest in radar equipment. Lyellin 05:13, 23 Nov 2004 (UTC)

Many thanks to the people/person who brought us this, because it is freaking awesome. Just a question; some of the choices fo cities are a bit odd (eg recife in brasil, but not salvador and manuas), how were the cities chosen, how difficult is it to add new ones, and at what point does adding more cities make it look too crowded? thoughts? The bellman 13:18, 20 Jan 2005 (UTC)

No city even close to mine is shone on the weather map, how can I add it?

I notice that London no-longer has a temperature. This means that the map is useless for resisdents of Great Britain and Ireland, as being islands, our weather is significantly different to the continent’s. Dan100 (Talk) 21:16, 2 Feb 2005 (UTC)

Ditto that, we need at least London, as this is an English-language site, and many contributors are from the UK. With notoriously variable condition compared to Western Europe, a temp reading would be appreciated. Can it be done? –81.156.220.251 19:39, 5 Feb 2005 (UTC)

Why UTC time for all continent maps? Means nothing for me – what does it mean? Perhaps GMT or +/- an hour or so would be more appropriate for Europe, and other relevant timezones for the submaps. Either that or a select number of timezones on all maps. Or even, is there a need for the time to be shown, especially if the weather is to be ‘current’? Everyone with a PC has a clock somewhere on their destop (presumably). Cheers, –81.157.24.242 22:24, 10 Feb 2005 (UTC)

It would be very awesome if the weather map reflected which parts of the day were light and day at the time when it was last refreshed. Like one of those geochronometer] doo-hickeys, just have it do a transparency overlay (I have no idea what that would entail or if it would be at all possible). Just a thought, but it looks pretty awesome as is, though! –Fastfission 07:33, 18 Feb 2005 (UTC)

Are there any plans for an East Asian or South Asian weather map? — Ran 05:37, 10 Mar 2005 (UTC)

<chuckle> In about 8 weeks, wanna start doing an in-depth image of the weather reports from Cape Scott to Trial Island? I’m sure you can pull up each of the weather buoys through the meteo, so I can know what the wind and temps are at each anchorage and harbour on my trip (where I can get internet), right? Since many of these also to sea state, could we add a color-coding for waves? maybe color gradient from blue to red in .5m increments?

(in case I was not obvious enough, this is a joke) And THANK YOU!!! for all your (and Ilya’s) work in getting and maintaining this very complex weather reporting system! Love the bots… – Amgine 06:01, 10 Mar 2005 (UTC)

Dear weather graphic designer(s). Looks excellent. One recommendation though — temperature scale interval / coloured graphics at 15oC or 20oC intervals. (<– comment from anon IP?)

I was thinking the standard temperature colours… eg

159753 11:14, 8 Jun 2005 (UTC)

Commons:User:WeatherBot is in danger of being blocked. See Commons:Village pump#WeatherBot : NOT the right way. I thought some Wikinews people might want to participate in that discussion. Dbenbenn 14:37, 12 July 2005 (UTC)

Would it at all be possible to have the actual major cities in Canada represented? Currently there are only three shown and the national capital is missing. I would be more than happy to provide you with theirn names and approximate locations (by way of editing the .ai file).

68.149.167.146, I am afraid such an addition could lead to cities overlapping each other.–207.200.116.136 14:51, 18 July 2005 (UTC) Oh! Before I forget,You can check The North Amreican Map.

The latest map is dated on Septempber 19. Any trouble happened?–Aphaia 07:20, 21 September 2005 (UTC)

I added the weather maps. Does anyone else think this is a good idea? –SVTCobra 21:12, 5 June 2007 (UTC)

Noticed that the lowest temperature seen on the maps is 0C/32F (freezing point), especially on the far north locations. Is there a bug in displaying sub-freezing temperatures? DL+1613 02:05, 4 November 2007 (UTC)

And why can’t he tell you the current weather, humidity, or wind–Ipatrol (talk) 19:03, 8 November 2008 (UTC)

It appears to me that the weather page is predominantly current observations (is it updated hourly?) from chosen sites around the world. I seem to recall, back before I got my account, that there was some cross-talk of putting up actual forecasts, but I didn’t see that go anywhere. What was the final call on that, if anything? –CyberStormAlpha (talk) 09:29, 12 October 2009 (UTC)

ie Anyone thought a real weather center and using weather.gov weather & NOAA etc. for cities for the world. iMap Weather has a free affiliate program… Any thoughts?

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